Australian Wine Varieties – The Proven Varieties That Has Your tongues Tied In Love
Australian wine is highly diverse and offers a taste of world class varietals like Cabernet Sauvignon and Chardonnay. European settlers established Australian vineyards in the late 1800s. The majority of Australian vineyards are located in the northern peninsula and across the ocean, but any of Australia has wine production anywhere along its coastline. And with Australia’s wide variety in landscape and climate, the differences may be quite surprising.
With over four thousand kilometers of coastline and an area larger than Western Europe, Australia has many unique and delicious Australian wine grape varieties. For example, the area of Bass Strait, in southern Australia, hosts one of the largest producing regions in the world, with over four thousand Australian pinot grapes grown in different departments. Some of these include the coastal area, such as the renowned Queens Park, and the inland regions, such as Port Phillip, Merimbula and parts of Melbourne.
There are three principal wine producing regions in Australia, namely Barossa Valley in South Australia, Margaret River in Victoria, and Armidale and MacDonnell Rivers in Western Australia. Each has its own distinctive style and characteristics. For example, unlike Australia, pinot noir from France is not indigenous to Australia. However, if you visit Australia, you’ll notice that almost all Australian vineyards use European grape varieties. And, like France, they also grow an abundant amount of Cabernet Sauvignon, a varietal with a deep, rich coloration.
Australian vineyards also grow Chardonnay, another very popular type of grape that is widely used in Australia. Chardonnay originated in the Loire Valley in France but has become popular throughout Europe over the last few decades. Many winemakers have their own Chardonnay cellar, which is usually located outdoors because of the cool climate of the country. Chardonnay is usually used in a wide variety of Italian and French wines, as well as in California, New Zealand and Japan.
Riesling and Pinot Noir are two varieties of semi-matured wine grapes that are grown in Australia. Pinot Noir, also known as Riesling, is a lighter white wine than Chardonnay. It has a crisp flavor and is a perfect wine to drink with its salad. Riesling is typically consumed when young and it matures quickly. It’s a versatile grape variety that can be harvested throughout the year; however, the best growth is during the springtime.
Shiraz and Sauvignon Blanc varietals grown in Australia are some of the most popular grape varieties for producing specialty red and white wines. The main difference between the two is that Chardonnay is predominantly used for producing dry red wines, while Shiraz is primarily used for producing dry white wines. With the right growing conditions, both varieties can also produce an outstanding blush and a full body flavor.
Cabernet Sauvignon Blanc was one of the most popular grape varieties used in Australia’s first vineyard hotels. This type of red grape is also commonly used in California, Australia, Chile, Argentina, South Africa, New Zealand and parts of Europe. The rich dark color of this variety is closely related to the “black gold” of South Africa. There is even a Cabernet Sauvignon Blanc producer in Coonawarra in New South Wales, Australia.
Pinot Noir and Cabernet Sauvignon Blanc are commonly grown in regions that receive cooler temperatures and less moisture. Winemakers in these regions make pinot noirs from fully ripe Cabernet sauvignons, which require less intensive pruning, harvesting and fermentation processes. These wineries also use techniques such as pinot noir barrels and pinot grigio bottling to give their vintages extra depth and flavor. Australian wine producers have many options available to them when it comes to producing high quality reds and whites.